|Family History Site Notes
Source-Citation and Fact Conventions
These genealogies are maintained in Family Tree Maker 2019 (FTM)
and exported to these sites. The sites use The Next Generation (TNG
13) web software for display of the detailed data. The trees here
are also exported to Ancestry.com for display only.
- Information and notes on living persons require login.
- No Social Security numbers (SSNs) are used.
- Information on living adopted children is not shown unless
authorized by that child.
General Standards and Conventions:
- For each person, the reasoning and
reliability of the relationship and other facts is discussed in
the general notes, and notes in citations, if there are any
problems or uncertainties. On Ancestry this appears as
the Notes citation.
- Everyone is documented by their birth name. Aliases and name changes are documented
as additional names (especially a woman's married name if she adopts
the husband's surname or is so named in documentation). Often
older birth names have various spellings so the most common or
preferred is used.
- Serious name
difficulties or variations are documented as a separate name. Spelling or typographical differences,
and some minor variations are cited under the corresponding
- Married names may be given for women even though the husband is not
documented, when the husband has no children in the descending ancestral
- For unknown surnames names, an artificial name is used such as FamilyLastFirst where Last is the
married name for a wife with unknown birth name. For
Unknown is used for first names.
- Places in the United States are given as city, county followed by "County",
and state. Places outside the US, are generally given as recorded.
- "Unknown" is used for birth or death if actual dates not
known. Partials such as "6 Dec" for death cannot be used (TNG
web software does not recognize such as a date) so such are
given as alternatives.
- Couples in a Census are evidence supporting marriage even if
not explicitly stated.
- TNG uses the ISO-8859-1 character set and data as exported
from FTM as a GED text file in UTF-8 characters. This should
provide a consistent English character set. While this also
provides other Western European characters (usually diacriticals
on the regular alphabet letter), such characters are
avoided in fact data because search input from most keyboards does not easily
allow such characters. Such characters may appear in
- Each citation contains all text with family related data. The
data itself is an exact transcription or explains
the problem. Pro forma, non-family, or duplicate wordage need not be quoted in full.
Skipped text is usually marked by "...".
- A single source is a a single citation. For example, all
of the Census lines for a family are one citation. If
related persons are on the same or nearby page, all are included in
one citation. This
preserves the implied relationships between the persons.
- Information is transcribed from the original document if available.
Existing transcriptions of such documents are not used.
Problems or notes are given in square brackets.
- For major documents, the image and possibly a text
transcription are saved in the data area of the web site, such as
Census images, newspaper articles, certificates, etc. These are
primarily for blood-line ancestors.
- For computer sources, text is cut and pasted into citations
to save time, but some cleanup may be done for clarity or
- Line breaks in citations will show as line breaks in the web
display. They are used for readability, whether they occur in
the original document or not. On Ancestry, the text is all one
blob since they stopped accepting embedded HTML.
- Notes on citations currently show after the citation
as if just more text. However notes on citations are not used,
and text in square brackets  are used in the citation instead.
- Media links are not currently used, because FTM and
TNG do not agree on format.